The genetic traces on the body of a young woman who died 7,000 years ago provide the first clue that the mixing of early humans in Indonesia and those in distant Siberia happened earlier than previously thought.
Theories about early human migration in Asia can be changed through research published in the journal Science Nature In August, after a woman’s deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or genetic fingerprint analysis, she was ritually buried in an Indonesian cave.
A natural paper describes the genetic scale data of a new Stone Age hunter collector from Wallis. This research, which represents the region’s first ancient human genetic data, sheds light on the population of Southeast Asia. https://t.co/iKN2FkTsSv pic.twitter.com/lGsg5KRDcv
– Nature (@ Nature) August 26, 2021
Basran Burhan, an archaeologist at Griffith University in Australia, says, “The Wallis region may have been the meeting point of two human species between the Denisovans and the early Homo sapiens. .
The Denisovans are a group of ancient humans named for a cave in Siberia, where their remains were first identified in 2010 and scientists have little understanding of them, even details of their origin.
Bessie’s DNA, researchers named the young woman in Indonesia, is one of the few well-preserved specimens found in the tropics, using the term newborn baby girl in the regional Pugic language. It showed that it came from the Austronesian peoples common to Southeast Asia and Oceania, but also a small area of Denizovan, scientists said.
“Genetic analyzes of these pre-Stone Age foods … reflect a different human lineage previously unknown,” they told the newspaper.
Scientists have recently thought that North Asian peoples, such as the Denisovans, arrived in Southeast Asia about 3,500 years ago, changing Bess’s DNA theories about early human migration patterns.
The discovery could provide insights into the origins of the Papuans and the indigenous Australian people who share Denisov’s DNA.
“Theories about migration will change because theories about race will change,” said Ivan Sumantri, a lecturer at Hasanuddin University in South Sulawesi, which is involved in the project. The remains of Bessie provide the first identity of the Denisovans among the Austronesians, who are the oldest ethnic group in Indonesia, he added. “Now imagine how they spread and distributed genes to reach Indonesia,” Sumanthiri said.